«Slike mødre»: Barnevernets stigmatisering av sårbare familier i dagens Russland
Abstract in English
“That kind of mother”: Stigmatisation by the Russian child protection services
How does stigma influence the extent to which the child protection services in Russia undertake preventative work with vulnerable families in order to avoid taking the child out the family? Based on an analysis of previous research and my own fieldwork from St. Petersburg and Moscow, I note the gap between expectations towards vulnerable families, and their actual living conditions and potential for meeting these expectations. This gap results in a stigmatising categorisation of families who find themselves marginalised as neblagopolutsjnye – socially disadvantaged. Although Russia’s officially ‘family-oriented’ child protection system is expected to base its work on objective methods, stigmatisation influences the decisions of social workers, making the system risk-oriented in practice. This is due to little or inadequate specialised education among social workers, resulting in the strong presence of the human factor: subjective, non-professional evaluations are made. With scant intersectional cooperation among state actors, there is little space to counteract or modify subjective evaluations. Thus, stigmatisation serves to limit the extent to which vulnerable families in Russia receive help, thus creating and upholding ‘social orphanhood’.
Nøkkelord:Russia, stigmatization, social welfare, child protection, social disadvantage
Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Trine Skogset Ofitserova
Dette verket er lisensiert under en Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal-lisens.