Minnediplomati i grenseland. De russisk-norske patriotiske minneturene 2011–2019
This article traces the development and narrative staging in Russian media of the so-called Russian-Norwegian patriotic memory tours that took place from 2011 to 2019 to celebrate a heroic story of WWII Red Army soldiers and Norwegian partisans in Soviet intelligence service. The article concludes that the tours were initiated by Russian state and state-affiliated actors who exported military-patriotic symbols and perspectives across the border to Norway, and actively promoted several intertwined narratives; about joint Russian-Norwegian heroic war history; about historically peaceful relations in the North between Norway and Russia; and about Norway as a friendly Nato-member neighbor that rightfully honors the memory of the Soviet army and its crucial role in the victory over Nazi Germany. After Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, these narratives were supplemented by Russian claims about a contemporary fascist threat spreading from Ukraine and the Baltics. The statements emphasized the acute importance of the patriotic memory tours to resist allegedly growing neo-fascism in today’s Europe. The article argues that the narrative staging of the tours must be read in the context of the Kremlin’s ongoing memory wars with former Soviet republics and Eastern bloc states and Russia’s military aggression in Ukraine since 2014.
memory diplomacy, memory wars, memory alliance, Norway, Russia, war narratives
Opphavsrett (c) 2023 Kari Aga Myklebost
Dette verket er lisensiert under en Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal-lisens.