https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/issue/feed Nordisk Østforum 2021-05-11T09:40:23+02:00 Tidsskriftet Nordisk Østforum nof@nupi.no Open Journal Systems <p>Nordisk Østforum (NØF) dekker politisk, økonomisk og kulturell utvikling i Russland, Balkan, Øst-Europa og det postsovjetiske området. Tidsskriftet inviterer forskere til å ta del i den nordiske debatten om utviklingen i et av våre viktigste nærområder.</p> https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2604 Dragkamp og balansegang. Frigjøringsmarkeringene i Kirkenes 1954–1994: Et minnepolitisk perspektiv 2021-05-07T14:47:15+02:00 Kari Aga Myklebost kari.myklebost@uit.no Joakim Aalmen Markussen jam@narviksenteret.no <p><strong>Abstract: Commemorating the Red Army Liberation in Kirkenes, Norway, 1954–1994<br></strong>This study traces the development over fifty years of the joint Norwegian–Soviet/Russian commemorations of the Red Army liberation of the eastern part of Finnmark County, Norway, in October 1944. The first commemorative events were held in October 1954 in the town of Kirkenes close to the Norwegian–Soviet border. Throughout the Cold War and into the post-Soviet period, such events have been arranged in Kirkenes every five years, with representatives of the Norwegian state authorities acting as hosts to a Soviet/Russian delegation. The focal point of these events has been a ceremony held by the Liberation Monument, unveiled in 1952 to honour the Red Army soldiers who liberated Norwegian territory by driving back the Nazi occupation forces. This article documents how the tradition of joint commemorations developed across the Iron Curtain divide as part of a predominantly diplomatic struggle over the events of October 1944, between Norway, a small state and NATO-member, and the superpower that was the Soviet Union. Our study concludes that, despite the struggle, which stemmed from Cold War tensions and competing security perceptions and interests, these joint commemorations have served as a stabilizing element in bilateral relations, producing a narrative not only about the Red Army liberation of eastern Finnmark, but also of friendship and mutual respect between the peoples of Norway and Russia, and of a long tradition of peaceful relations between the two states.</p> 2021-05-07T09:44:24+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Kari Aga Myklebost, Joakim Aalmen Markussen https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2653 Osäkerhetens politik i praktiken: Presidentvalet 2020 som förändrade Belarus 2021-05-07T14:46:12+02:00 Sofie Bedford sofie.bedford@ires.uu.se <p><strong>Abstract: ‘The Politics of Uncertainty’ in Practice: The 2020 Presidential Election that Changed Belarus<br></strong>Up until 2020 Aleksandr Lukashenka’s authoritarian regime had ruled Belarus for 26 years without major challenges. Thus, the popular mobilization that took shape in connection with the August 2020 presidential election came as a surprise. It was not the first time that elections in Belarus were not fair – but it was the first time that large sectors of the population reacted openly. Six months later, Belarusians all over the country were still contesting the falsified results. What contributed to this mobilization and politicization of a previously largely apolitical society? Why does that development represent such a serious threat to the authoritarian system? This study sees the Belarusian presidential election and its aftermath as illustrating the ‘politics of uncertainty’ of electoral authoritarian regimes. Because of the intrinsic insecurity of authoritarian systems, all regular elections in that context entail risks, which in theory might lead to change. In Belarus, the emergence of latent threats to the regime’s legitimacy in the form of social cleavages and an economic crisis, combined with the fundamental dynamics of the ‘election game’, amplified this instability. The election served as the starting point for a process of transformation that became the most serious threat ever faced by the Lukashenka regime.</p> 2021-05-07T09:41:37+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Sofie Bedford https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/3002 Tourism and Travel during the Cold War: Negotiating Tourist Experiences across the Iron Curtain 2021-05-11T09:40:23+02:00 Thomas Ubbesen mail@thomasubbesen.dk <p>Thomas Ubbesen reviews <em>Tourism and Travel during the Cold War: Negotiating Tourist Experiences across the Iron Curtain</em>, edited by Sune Bechmann Pedersen and Christian Noack.</p> 2021-05-11T09:25:20+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Thomas Ubbesen https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/3067 The Post-Soviet Politics of Utopia: Language, Fiction and Fantasy in Modern Russia 2021-05-11T09:39:45+02:00 Fabian Heffermehl fabian.heffermehl@ilos.uio.no <p>Fabian Heffermehl, researcher at the University of Oslo, reviews<em> The Post-Soviet Politics of Utopia: Language, Fiction and Fantasy in Modern Russia&nbsp;</em>edited by Mikhail Suslov and Per Arne Bodin.</p> 2021-05-11T09:24:59+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Fabian Heffermehl https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2998 Geopolitical Imagination: Ideology and Utopia in Post-Soviet Russia 2021-05-11T09:39:01+02:00 Iver Neumann ibneumann@fni.no <p>Iver Neumann, director of the Fritjof Nansen Institute, reviews <em>Geopolitical Imagination: Ideology and Utopia in Post-Soviet Russia&nbsp;</em>by Mikhail Suslov.</p> 2021-05-11T09:24:33+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Iver Neumann https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2945 The Russian Revolutions of 1917: The Northern Impact and Beyond 2021-04-15T09:27:37+02:00 Erik Kulavig Kulavig@sdu.dk <p>Erik Kulavig reviews <em>The Russian Revolutions of 1917: The Northern Impact and Beyond</em> edited by Kari Aga Myklebost, Jens Petter Nielsen and Andrei Rogatchevski.</p> 2021-04-15T08:35:56+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Erik Kulavig https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2913 Russlands rebeller: Protest og reaksjon i Putins Russland (2011–2020) 2021-04-19T08:26:52+02:00 Anni Roth Hjermann annirh@nupi.no <p><em>Russia’s Rebels: Protest and Reaction in Putin’s Russia (2011–2020), </em>by Geir Flikke, is reviewed by Anni Roth Hjermann, advisor at the Norwegian Institute of Foreign Affairs.</p> 2021-04-15T08:35:35+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Anni Roth Hjermann https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2847 I grenseland. Historien om Frode Berg og livet på innsiden av norsk etterretning og russiske fengsler 2021-04-15T09:23:59+02:00 Jardar Østbø jaostbo@mil.no <p><em>Crossing the Border. The Story of Frode Berg and Life Inside the Norwegian Intelligence Services and Russian Prisons, </em>by Morten Jentoft, is reviewed by Jardar Østbø, associate professor at the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies.</p> 2021-04-15T08:35:18+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Jardar Østbø https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2807 Freedom of Expression in Russia’s New Mediasphere 2021-03-16T15:54:23+01:00 Gunnar Nygren gunnar.nygren@sh.se <p>Gunnar Nygren, professor emeritus at Södertörn University, Stockholm,&nbsp; reviews <em>Freedom of Expression in Russia’s New Mediasphere&nbsp;</em>edited by Marielle Wijermars and Katja Lehtisaari.&nbsp;</p> 2021-03-16T15:42:59+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Gunnar Nygren https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2745 Social Distinctions in Contemporary Russia: Waiting for the Middle Class Society? 2021-03-16T15:51:06+01:00 Aadne Aasland aadnea@oslomet.no <p><strong>Abstract: Social Distinctions in Contemporary Russia: Waiting for the Middle Class Society?</strong><br>Aadne Aasland (NIBR, Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research, Oslo Metropolitan University) reviews <em>Social Distinctions in Contemporary Russia: Waiting for the Middle Class Society?</em> edited by&nbsp; Jouko Nikula and Mikhail Chernysh (Routledge, 2020).</p> 2021-03-16T15:42:37+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Aadne Aasland https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2669 Russia as Civilization: Ideological Discourses in Politics, Media, and Academia 2021-03-16T15:49:52+01:00 Pål Kolstø pal.kolsto@ilos.uio.no <p><strong>Abstract: Russia as Civilization: Ideological Discourses in Politics, Media, and Academia</strong><br>Pål Kolstø (University of Oslo, Department of Literature, Area Studies and European Languages) reviews <em>Russia as Civilization: Ideological Discourses in Politics, Media, and Academia</em>, edited by Kåre Johan Mjør and Sanna Turoma (Routledge, 2020).</p> 2021-03-16T15:42:14+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Pål Kolstø https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2620 Den yderste grænse: danske frivillige i de baltiske uafhængighedskrige 2021-02-15T07:59:08+01:00 Lars Johannsen johannsen@ps.au.dk <p><strong>Abstract: The Outermost Border: Danish Volunteers in the Baltic Wars of Liberation</strong><br>Lars Johannsen (Aarhus University, Denmark) reviews<em> Den yderste grænse: danske frivillige i de baltiske uafhængighedskrige</em> (<em>The Outermost Border: Danish Volunteers in the Baltic Wars of Liberation</em>) written by Mikkel Kirkebæk (published in 2019 by Lindhardt og Ringhof Forlag).</p> 2021-02-15T07:52:47+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Lars Johannsen https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2617 Russisk forsvarspolitikk og militær tilstedeværelse i Kaukasus og Sentral Asia 2021-02-15T16:15:39+01:00 Kristin Fjæstad Kfj@nupi.no <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>Russia's Defence Policy and Military Presence in the Caucasus</strong><strong> and Central Asia<br></strong>These two reports, <em>Security in the Caucasus. Russian policy and military posture</em> and <em>Security in the Caucasus. Russian policy and military posture</em>, analyse and discuss Russia’s security policy and military posture after 2014 in two regions often described as part of Russia’s ‘near abroad’, the Caucasus and Central Asia. The reports find that although both regions are considered as within Russia’s ‘sphere of influence’, the Russian military structure and policy varies significantly. While geared towards crisis management of potential conflicts in Central Asia, the frozen conflicts in the South Caucasus have made Russia set up for regional war.</p> 2021-02-15T07:52:25+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Kristin Fjæstad https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2739 Law and Power in Russia: Making Sense of Quasi-Legal Practices 2021-03-09T14:28:40+01:00 Anna Jonsson Cornell anna.jonsson_cornell@jur.uu.se <p><strong>Abstract: Law and Power in Russia: Making Sense of Quasi-Legal Practices</strong><br>Anna Jonsson Cornell (Department of Law, Uppsala University, Sweden) reviews <em>Law and Power in Russia: Making Sense of Quasi-Legal Practices</em> by Håvard Bækken (published in 2019 by Routledge).</p> 2021-02-15T07:52:08+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Anna Jonsson Cornell https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2691 The Ghost Boulevard 2021-01-18T13:35:25+01:00 Thomas Borén thomas.boren@humangeo.su.se <p><strong>Abstract: The Ghost Boulevard</strong><br>Thomas Borén, from the Department of Human Geography at Stockholm University, reviews&nbsp;<em>The Ghost Boulevard </em>by Bojan Borić (published in 2020 by KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Stockholm).&nbsp;</p> 2021-01-18T13:23:33+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Thomas Borén https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2612 Vi var folket. Møde med østeuropæerne 30 år efter Murens fald 2021-01-18T13:42:34+01:00 Mette Skak msk@ps.au.dk <p><strong>Abstract: We Were the People. Meetings with Eastern Europeans 30 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall</strong><br>Mette Skak (Aarhus University) reviews <em>Vi var folket. </em><em>Møde med østeuropæerne 30 år efter Murens fald </em>(<em>We Were the People. </em><em>Meetings with Eastern Europeans 30 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall) </em>written by Thomas Ubbesen and Anne Haubek.</p> 2021-01-18T13:23:03+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Mette Skak https://tidsskriftet-nof.no/index.php/noros/article/view/2631 Hva vil russerne med Norge? 2021-01-21T08:55:48+01:00 Øyvind Nordsletten oyvind@nordsletten.com <p><strong>Abstract: What Do the Russians Want with Norway? </strong><em><br>What Do the Russians Want with Norway? </em>(<em>Hva vil russerne med Norge?</em>), by Bernhard L. Mohr, is reviewed by Øyvind Nordsletten, Norway's Former Ambassador to Moscow.</p> 2021-01-18T13:22:36+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2021 Øyvind Nordsletten