Nordisk Østforum 2020-10-19T15:16:50+02:00 Tidsskriftet Nordisk Østforum Open Journal Systems <p>Nordisk Østforum (NØF) dekker politisk, økonomisk og kulturell utvikling i Russland, Balkan, Øst-Europa og det postsovjetiske området. Tidsskriftet inviterer forskere til å ta del i den nordiske debatten om utviklingen i et av våre viktigste nærområder.</p> Öst är öst och väst är väst? En jämförande studie av partisystemens stabilitet i Europa 2008–2019 2020-04-02T12:38:27+02:00 Andreas Bågenholm <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>East is East and West is West? Comparing Party System Stability in Europe 2008–2019</strong><br>This article compares trends in party system stability in Central/ Eastern Europe (CEE) and Western Europe, to see if recent studies indicating that the two regions have become more similar hold when the results of outcomes of several post-financial-crisis elections are taken into consideration. Further, it enquires into the underlying causes of electoral volatility and whether they differ between the two regions. In all, 82 parliamentary elections in 25 EU countries 2008–2019 are analyzed as regards electoral volatility (Pedersen’s Index) and support for new parties (‘volatility type A’). The results show that, when the most likely confounding variables are controlled for, a significant difference between the two regions remains, but also that there is a converging trend on both indicators. Moreover, whereas electoral volatility in the West is driven by the level of corruption together with the effective number of parties, unemployment and economic growth as well as the number of effective parties are the main factors explaining the same phenomenon in CEE. There is also evidence that volatility in CEE, unlike in Western Europe, is also driven by a path-dependent logic, where previous volatility scores explain subsequent ones. That finding may have implications for the prospects of future party system stabilization.</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-25T07:27:47+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Andreas Bågenholm Hvad blev der af »Øst«? – En introduktion og et postscriptum 2020-04-14T09:53:36+02:00 Rune Holmgaard Andersen <p><strong>Abstract: What happened to the ‘East’? An introduction and a postscript</strong><br>Is it still – if it has ever been – relevant to talk about the “East” as a special region? This article introduces, frames, and concludes on the Nordisk Østforum special theme series <em>What happened to the “East”?</em> It provides the theoretical foundation for the four empirical studies included in the special theme series. The article discusses the historical roots and general negative connotations surrounding the notion of “East” in both the “West” and the “East” as well as the recent revival of “Eastern” identities and their relations to the surge of illiberal currents on the global scene. Before outlining the findings of the four empirical studies, the article discusses the notion of region, offering a more dynamic concept than implied by the classical focus on geographical proximity. The article concludes by discussing the continued relevance of the “East” prefix in light of the findings of the four empirical studies. While there are manifest differences between “East” and “West” we need to caution ourselves against stereotypifications that disregard the variance and dynamics within and across the members of the two regions. The demarcation between the two are in no way fixed.</p> 2020-04-14T09:23:49+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Rune Holmgaard Andersen Den galiziska mångfaldens tragedi: professorsmorden i krigstidens Lviv och åminnelsen av dem 2020-08-26T12:28:59+02:00 Eleonora Narvselius <p><strong>Abstract: A tragedy of the Galician diversity: Murder and commemoration of Polish professors killed in Lviv during WWII</strong><br>In popular imagery, the former Habsburg province of Galicia and its capital city Lemberg/Lwów/Lviv have been acclaimed for their unique mixture of religions, cultures and nationalities. However, there are also darker sides of this Galician diversity, as became evident during the wars and crises of the first half of the twentieth century. It is instructive to explore how the entanglements between collective and individual choices, cultural genealogies and political aspirations looked in practice in this part of Europe, and how historical events of the twentieth century have reflected this complexity. This article explores one such event: the murder of a group of eminent Polish academics during the Nazi occupation of Lviv/Lwów. After the war, this tragic episode was commemorated quite independently in the two parts of Galicia now divided by the redrawn Polish–(Soviet)Ukrainian border. The episode remains controversial due to the contradictory interpretative frameworks and agenda-setting of various actors involved into the memorialization. The author draws on Michael Rothberg’s concept of&nbsp;<em>multidirectional memory</em>&nbsp;to highlight how reverberations of Galician diversity can be approached from an anthropological perspective, focusing on meaning-making and agency.</p> 2020-08-26T11:20:36+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Eleonora Narvselius Rysslands hanterande av sin intressesfär i Sydkaukasien 2020-09-22T10:09:16+02:00 Jakob Hedenskog <p><strong>Abstract: Russia’s operationalization of a sphere of interest in the South Caucasus</strong><br>A central foreign policy objective of Russia is to maintain an exclusive sphere of interest in its post-Soviet neighbourhood. This article analyses how Russia employs a combination of political and military instruments in operationalizing its perceived sphere of interest in the still conflict-ridden South Caucasus. Russia is the only external power in the region to have military bases there, and is the only one seemingly ready to undertake military action. At present, Russia appears satisfied with the status quo in the South Caucasus. The unresolved conflicts in Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorno-Karabakh are therefore unlikely to be resolved in the near future. Unresolved conflicts suit Russia’s objectives. Russian military bases in Georgia and Armenia provide Moscow with both a key lever against Tbilisi and Yerevan and a structural advantage for potential Russian military operations in the region. Russia’s military posture in the Caucasus is relevant to the potential for large-scale conflict in the Southern war theatre, including the wider Middle East, and not just local conflicts in the Caucasus.</p> 2020-09-22T08:37:21+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Jakob Hedenskog Möjligheter och begränsningar för EU:s aktörskap i södra Kaukasus 2020-09-22T10:10:30+02:00 Michel Anderlini <p><strong>Abstract: EU Actorness in the South Caucasus: Possibilities and Limitations</strong><br>Despite significant institutional changes and refinements since its creation in 2004, the ENP (European Neighborhood Policy) remains a major tool available to the EU for providing incentives for reform and stability in non-member states through the diffusion of its norms and rules. Earlier studies, drawing on the Europeanization conceptual framework, have been mostly concerned about&nbsp;<em>how and by which mechanisms</em>&nbsp;compliance with EU rules takes place, rather than focusing on&nbsp;<em>whether and to what extent</em>&nbsp;it occurs. By contrast, this article assesses the actorness of the EU in three countries of the South Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan), viewing actorness as composed of three dimensions –&nbsp;<em>capability, opportunity, and presence –</em> enabling and constraining the aspirations of the EU to be an international actor in the South Caucasus.</p> 2020-09-22T08:37:42+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Michel Anderlini Trauma och kollektiva minnen i Georgiens utrikespolitik 2020-09-22T10:11:57+02:00 Per Ekman <p><strong>Abstract: Trauma and Collective Memories in Georgia’s Foreign Policy</strong><br>Georgia’s foreign policy since the mid-1990s would appear to be a regional anomaly. While Georgia’s neighbors have either accommodated to Russia’s geopolitical interests or sought to navigate between Russia and the West, Georgian governments have pursued a comparatively stable pro-Western foreign policy orientation. Thus, structural arguments like geographic proximity, or Russia’s assertive foreign policy, cannot account for the variation in foreign-policy orientation among post-Soviet states. Moreover, although alternative explanations, like Georgia’s European identity and commitment to democracy, or explanations related to qualities of the Mikheil Saakashvili government, are not without merits, they cannot fully account for the continuity in Georgia’s pro-Western foreign policy over time. This article argues that the collective memory of the traumatic years 1989–1994 is a key factor for understanding Georgia’s foreign policy continuity. The collective memory and trauma related to loss of territory, together with a weak state and Russia’s negative involvement, have shaped the strategic thinking of Georgia’s foreign policy elites. This trauma explains Georgia’s shift to a pro-Western foreign policy in the mid-1990s and the continuity of this policy up until today. This argument is supported by the author’s interviews with key Georgian decision-makers responsible for foreign policy decisions.</p> 2020-09-22T08:38:13+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Per Ekman Säkerhet och sårbarhet efter Armeniens Sammetsrevolution: Hur ser eliterna på jämställdhet, mänskliga rättigheter och konfliktlösning? 2020-09-22T10:13:18+02:00 Li Bennich-Björkman <p><strong>Abstract: Security and Vulnerability After Armenia’s Velvet Revolution: Elite Perceptions on Gender Equality, Human Rights and Conflict Resolution</strong><br>The Velvet Revolution in spring 2018 and the snap elections that followed in December 2018 shook Armenia. This article examines the country’s new political elite and other central social elites, and their affective and evaluative beliefs with respect to human security, drawing on an elite survey conducted in 2017 and 2019, complemented by in-depth interviews. The aim is to shed light on whether Armenia’s elite-level political culture is headed for progressive change concerning the rights of disadvantaged groups, primarily women and sexual minorities – an expectation among the young and educated in Yerevan. This study finds that, as regards reducing vulnerability and increasing the security and freedom of choice for those traditionally disadvantaged in Armenian society, the values and judgments of the new elites have remained basically traditional.</p> 2020-09-22T08:38:37+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Li Bennich-Björkman Russia of Power 2020-01-09T09:36:53+01:00 Ingerid M. Opdahl <p><strong>Abstract in English: <br>Russia of Power<br></strong>Ingerid M. Opdahl reviews <em>Russia of Power</em>, a report by more than 40 Finnish researchers and experts on contemporary Russia from the perspective of security.</p> 2020-01-09T09:15:41+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Ingerid M. Opdahl Close and Distant. Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries 2020-01-09T09:35:37+01:00 Elin Strand Larsen <p><strong>Abstract in English: <br>Close and Distant. Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries</strong><br>Elin Strand Larsen reviews <em>Close and Distant. Political Executive-Media Relations in Four Countries</em>. Edited by Karl Magnus Johansson and Gunnar Nygren, the book is based on a three-year long research project and analysis of the relationship between politicians, press secretaries and journalists in four countries – Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. By conducting thorough, well-coordinated research and numerous research interviews (20–25 from each country), the research group has studied the interplay between government and media in the period 2014–2017. The anthology contains four country-specific chapters, as well as the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, source-journalist relationships, mediatisation and political communication cultures.</p> 2020-01-09T09:17:34+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Elin Strand Larsen Vory: den ryska supermaffian 2020-01-22T10:41:54+01:00 Mi Lennhag <p><strong>Abstract in English: <br>Review of <em>Vory: den ryska supermaffian<br></em></strong>Mi Lennhag reviews&nbsp;<em>V</em><em>ory: den ryska supermaffian </em>(<em>The Vory: Russia’s Super Mafia)</em> by Mark Galeotti (translated by Manne Svensson). The book examines organized crime in the Soviet Union and in post-Soviet Russia. Historical, political and cultural contexts help explaining the Russian mafia and the phenomenon <em>vory</em>. Galeotti pictures a Russian society where politics and organized crime remain closely linked.</p> 2020-01-22T09:28:40+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Mi Lennhag Den røde underverden. Hemmelig kommunistisk virksomhed i Skandinavien mellem to verdenskrige 2020-01-22T10:42:47+01:00 Mette Skak <p><strong>Abstract in English: <br>The Red Underworld. Secret Communist Activity in Scandinavia between the World Wars<br></strong>Mette Skak reviews <em>The Red Underworld. Secret Communist Activity in Scandinavia between the World Wars</em> (original title <em>Den røde underverden. </em><em>Hemmelig kommunistisk virksomhed i Skandinavien mellem to verdenskrige</em>).</p> 2020-01-22T09:29:06+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Mette Skak Sjamanen i stjerneregn: Ein reise til Asias sentrum 2020-02-18T09:16:45+01:00 Ingvar Svanberg <p><strong>Abstract in English: <br>The Shaman in a Rain of Stars: A Journey to the Centre of Asia</strong><br>Ingvar Svanberg reviews 'The Shaman in a Rain of Stars: A Journey to the Centre of Asia' by B. MiRee Abrahamsen. The book is a travelogue from the Russian republics of Khakassia and Tuva in Siberia. Abrahamsen introduces the readers to the history of these regions as well as the everyday life of people living there in 2018, and gives a personal description of shamanism as a religious phenomenon.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-01-22T09:29:26+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Ingvar Svanberg Ryssland och historiens början 2020-03-23T12:20:17+01:00 Geir Flikke <p><strong>Abstract in English:</strong><br><strong>Russia and the Beginning of History</strong><br>Morgan Olofsson's <em>Russia and the Beginning of History</em> consists of several interviews that the former Swedish news correspondent made with people he met in the 1990s. The purpose, he says, is to see how people have fared in the timespan from the 1990s to 2018, but also, more ambitiously, to sustain a dialogue between people on topics like the gradual dissemination of authoritarian political systems. Olofsson argues that we "need to learn from history" to protect democratic values; that is, values that connect people. The structure of the book is reminiscent of Mikhail Zygar's <em>All the Kremlin's Men</em> (2016), short annotated chapters, with introductions. The interviews stand out as sharp and perceptive, but the structure and editing of the book leaves more to be desired.&nbsp;</p> 2020-03-19T11:08:49+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Geir Flikke Contemporary Russian Conservativism: Problems, Paradoxes, and Perspectives 2020-03-19T14:15:49+01:00 Pål Kolstø <p><em>Contemporary Russian Conservativism</em> consists of 15 chapters by diverse hands but nevertheless has a high degree of coherence. The volume rightly highlights the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the promotion of conservativism and “traditional values”. Many of the participants in the media debates around this issue no doubt hold sincere views while, as the editors argue, Putin and his entourage most likely adopted this new ideology for pragmatic reasons.</p> 2020-03-19T11:09:08+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Pål Kolstø In the North, the East and West Meet. Festschrift for Jens Petter Nielsen 2020-03-19T11:20:25+01:00 Ingmar Oldberg <p>Ingmar Oldberg reviews <em>In the North, the East and West Meet. Festschrift for Jens Petter Nielsen,</em> edited by Kari Aga Myklebost and Stian Bones. This book contains 26 articles in Norwegian, English and Russian, starting with a good presentation of Professor Nielsen’s life and career. In keeping with his interests, the well annotated articles cover several themes; the centenary of the Russian revolution, Norwegian-Russian relations since the Middle Ages, especially in the High North, Russian arts, and scientific cooperation. The book is beautifully illustrated.</p> 2020-03-19T11:09:24+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Ingmar Oldberg Fragmenter av fortid – Historiens rolle i russisk samtidslitteratur 2020-03-19T11:22:11+01:00 Jon Reinhardt-Larsen <p><strong>Abstract in English:</strong><br><strong>Fragments of the Past – History's Role in Russian Contemporary Literature </strong><em><br></em><em>Fragmenter av fortid – Historiens rolle i russisk samtidslitteratur</em> is a thorough analysis of the utilisation of history in post-Soviet Russian literature. The author argues that literature functions as a 'place of reflection' that can produce vital alternatives to the monolithic understanding of history promoted by the authorities, and as such, literature has regained its traditional influence in Russian society following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.</p> 2020-03-19T11:09:46+01:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Jon Reinhardt-Larsen Narrating Otherness in Poland and Sweden – European Heritage as a Discourse of Inclusion and Exclusion 2020-05-06T08:16:21+02:00 Jørn Holm-Hansen <p><strong>Abstract: Narrating Otherness in Poland and Sweden – European Heritage as a Discourse of Inclusion and Exclusion</strong><br>Jørn Holm-Hansen reviews the anthology <em>Narrating Otherness in Poland and Sweden – European Heritage as a Discourse of Inclusion and Exclusion</em> edited by Krzysztof Kowalski, Łucja Piekarska-Duraj &amp; Barbara Törnquist-Plewa.</p> 2020-05-06T08:03:06+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Jørn Holm-Hansen Breve fra Rusland. Sandheden om det russiske despoti 2020-05-06T08:17:43+02:00 Søren Riishøj <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>Letters from Russia. The Truth about Despotic Russia</strong><br>Søren Riishøj reviews <em>Letters from Russia. The Truth about Despotic Russia</em>, a translation into Danish of the French 19th-century artistocrat, Marquis de Custine’s published collection of letters with impressions from Russia.</p> 2020-05-06T08:03:27+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Søren Riishøj 1989 – Året som endret Europa 2020-05-06T08:19:08+02:00 Thomas Lundén <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>1989 – The Year That Transformed Europe<br></strong>Thomas Lundén (Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Södertörns högskola) reviews&nbsp;<em>1989 – Året som endret Europa</em>&nbsp;(1989 – The Year That Transformed Europe) written by Per Anders Madsen.</p> 2020-05-06T08:03:54+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Thomas Lundén Det sovande landet. Sibirien i rysk historia, kultur och geografi 2020-05-20T14:04:49+02:00 Torben Heuer <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>The Sleeping Country. Siberia in Russian History, Culture and Geography<br></strong>Torben Heuer (lecturer in Russian language and culture, formerly affiliated with Aarhus University) reviews&nbsp;<em>Det sovande landet. Sibirien i rysk historia, kultur och geografi </em>(The Sleeping Country. Siberia in Russian History, Culture and Geography) written by Margareta Attius Sohlman.</p> 2020-05-20T13:35:20+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Torben Heuer Religion, Expression, and Patriotism in Russia: Essays on Post-Soviet Society and the State 2020-05-20T14:06:36+02:00 Yuliya Yurchuk <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>Religion, Expression, and Patriotism in Russia: </strong><strong>Essays on Post-Soviet Society and the State<br></strong>Yuliya Yurchuk (postdoctoral researcher, Historical and Contemporary Studies, Södertörn University) reviews <em>Religion, Expression, and Patriotism in Russia: Essays on Post-Soviet Society and the State,</em> edited by Sanna Turoma, Kaarina Aitamurto and Slobodanka Vladiv-Glover.</p> 2020-05-20T13:37:04+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Yuliya Yurchuk Polen. Aske og diamanter 2020-05-20T14:05:46+02:00 Barbara Törnquist-Plewa <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>Poland: Ashes and Diamonds<em><br></em></strong><em>Poland: Ashes and Diamonds</em> is a book about contemporary Poland, written by Ingrid Brekke, a knowledgeable Norwegian journalist. Its great merit is that it explains the contemporary political development in Poland through the prism of the country’s history. The book is not devoid of some misinterpretations or minor errors; however, this is more than well compensated by its engaging style and skillful construction. The book is informative, easy-to-read and has a clear potential to increase the readers’ understanding of Polish society and ignite their interest in the country.</p> 2020-05-20T13:36:38+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Barbara Törnquist-Plewa Political Culture in the Baltic States. Between National and European Integration 2020-06-23T11:44:08+02:00 Egle Kesylyte-Alliks <p><strong>Abstract: </strong><strong>Political Culture in the Baltic States. Between National and European Integration<br></strong>Eglė Kesylytė-Alliks (researcher at Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University) reviews <em>Political Culture in the Baltic States. Between National and European Integration </em>written by Kjetil Duvold, Sten Berglund and Joakim Ekman.</p> 2020-06-23T10:00:30+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Egle Kesylyte-Alliks Russia’s Crony Capitalism. The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy 2020-06-24T11:24:16+02:00 Erik Andermo <p><strong>Abstract:&nbsp; Russia’s Crony Capitalism. The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy<br></strong>Anders Åslund provides a systematic and thought-provoking account of how Russia under Putin has gone from a liberally oriented market economy to kleptocratic state capitalism. Much of the focus is on deinstitutionalization, which has undermined property rights and led to limitations of Russia’s growth potential. The narrative draws on a vast array of sources and Åslund’s unique personal experiences to provide a comprehensive picture of how Russia came to where it is today.</p> 2020-06-23T10:12:59+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Erik Andermo Sverige – Polen. 1000 år av krig og kärlek 2020-06-24T11:30:04+02:00 Karl-Erik Frandsen <p><strong>Abstract: Sweden – Poland. 1000 Years of War and Love<br></strong>Karl-Erik Frandsen (The Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen) reviews <em>Sverige – Polen. 1000 år av krig og kärlek</em> (Sweden – Poland. 1000 Years of War and Love) written by Herman Lindquist.</p> 2020-06-23T10:13:19+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Karl-Erik Frandsen Russian Military Capability in a Ten-Year Perspective – 2019 2020-06-24T11:33:52+02:00 Una Hakvåg <p><strong>Abstract:</strong> <strong>Russian Military Capability in a Ten-Year Perspective – 2019</strong><em><br></em>Una Hakvåg (Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI)) reviews <em>Russian Military Capability in a Ten-Year Perspective – 2019, an analysis of Russia’s Armed Forces and their fighting power</em>, edited by Fredrik Westerlund &amp; Susanne Oxenstierna.</p> 2020-06-23T10:13:46+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Una Hakvåg Från ett kallt krig till ett annat 2020-06-25T14:29:57+02:00 Klaus Carsten Pedersen <p><strong>Abstract: From One Cold War to Another </strong><strong><br></strong>Klaus Carsten Pedersen (Det Udenrigspolitiske Selskab,) reviews&nbsp;<em>Från ett kallt krig till ett annat </em>(From One Cold War to Another) written by Thomas Bertelman.</p> 2020-06-23T10:14:16+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Klaus Carsten Pedersen Det förflutna är ett främmande land. Medierade minnen av Jugoslavien i postjugoslavisk dokumentärfilm 2020-09-02T13:48:49+02:00 Svein Mønnesland <p><strong>Abstract: The Past Is a Foreign Country. Mediated Memories of Yugoslavia in Post-Yugoslav Documentary Film</strong><br>Svein Mønnesland (University of Oslo) reviews <em>The Past Is a Foreign Country. Mediated Memories of Yugoslavia in Post-Yugoslav Documentary Film</em>, by Sanjin Pejkovic.</p> 2020-09-02T13:10:08+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Svein Mønnesland The Dynamics of Identity Negotiation in a Border Region: The Case of Georgian Azeri-Tukrs of Kvemo Kartli 2020-09-02T13:49:42+02:00 Minna Lundgren <p><strong>Abstract: The Dynamics of Identity Negotiation in a Border Region: The Case of Georgian Azeri-Tukrs of Kvemo Kartli<br></strong>In <em>The Dynamics of Identity Negotiation in a Border Region: The Case of Georgian Azeri-Tukrs of Kvemo Kartli</em> Karli-Jo T. Storm studies collective identities among Georgian Azeri-Turks in relation to officially propagated narratives of national identity in Georgia and Azerbaijan. Storm’s ambitious work offers us insights into the complexities of the social and spatial positions of minority populations in the post-Soviet nation building projects.</p> 2020-09-02T13:10:26+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Minna Lundgren What has Remained of the USSR – Exploring the Erosion of the Post-Soviet Space 2020-09-02T13:50:49+02:00 Flemming Splidsboel Hansen <p><strong>Abstract: What has Remained of the USSR – Exploring the Erosion of the Post-Soviet Space</strong><strong><br></strong>Flemming Splidsboel Hansen (Danish Institute for International Studies) reviews&nbsp;<em>What has Remained of the USSR – Exploring the Erosion of the Post-Soviet Space,</em>&nbsp;edited by Arkady Moshes and András Racz.</p> 2020-09-02T13:10:45+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Flemming Splidsboel Hansen The Politics of Poverty in Contemporary Russia 2020-10-06T10:02:39+02:00 Kirsti Stuvøy <p><em>The Politics of Poverty in Contemporary Russia</em>, by Ann-Mari Sätre, is reviewed by Kirsti Stuvøy, Associate Professor, Faculty of Landscape and Society, International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU).</p> 2020-10-06T08:54:23+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Kirsti Stuvøy Sill i päls – 20 år i Putins skugga 2020-10-06T10:01:34+02:00 Morten Jentoft <p>The author and journalist Morten Jentoft reviews the book <em>Herring in Fur Coat – 20 Years in Putin's Shadow</em>, written by Kristoffer Lieng.</p> 2020-10-06T08:59:30+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Morten Jentoft Nationhood and Politization of History in School Textbooks: Identity, the Curriculum and Educational Media 2020-10-06T09:01:43+02:00 Helge Blakkisrud <p>Helge Blakkisrud (Norwegian Institute of International Affairs) reviews the anthology <em>Nationhood and Politization of History in School Textbooks: Identity, the Curriculum and Educational Media</em>, edited by Gorana Ognjenović and Jasna Joselić.</p> 2020-10-06T09:01:39+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Helge Blakkisrud Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe 2020-10-19T15:14:55+02:00 Elisabeth Bakke <p><strong>Abstract:</strong> <strong>Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe</strong><br>According to Elisabeth Bakke's (University of Olso) review of <em>Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe,</em> Sergiu Gherghina, Joakim Ekman and Olena Podolian have edited a book on 'democratic innovations' in more or less democratic countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Bakke finds that, while several of the contributions are well written and interesting, 'democratic' may not be a particularly precise label in a context where, as it turns out, the 'innovations' do not contribute much to increasing either participation or democracy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-10-19T14:13:02+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Elisabeth Bakke Hans Christian Andersen in Russia 2020-10-19T15:16:05+02:00 Brita Lotsberg Bryn <p><strong>Abstract: Hans Christian Andersen in Russia<br></strong>Brita Lotsberg Bryn (University of Bergen) reviews the anthology <em>Hans Christian Andersen in Russia</em><strong>, </strong>edited by M.S. Jessen, M. Balina, B. Hellman and J. Nørregaard Frandsen, which investigates the influence of H.C. Andersen’s work on Russian culture. It demonstrates that Andersen’s fairy tales, broadly employed by authors and artists and valued by generations of readers and audiences in Russia, constitute a specific cultural code. The book comprises articles by seventeen scholars of Danish and Russian literature, art, film, theatre, music and media, exploring this code from various angles.</p> 2020-10-19T14:13:22+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Brita Lotsberg Bryn Ilon Wikland – ett konstnärsliv 2020-10-19T15:16:50+02:00 Maria Lassén-Seger <p><strong>Abstract: Ilon Wikland – an Artist’s Life<br></strong>Maria Lassén-Seger (Åbo Akademi University) reviews <em>Ilon Wikland – ett konstnärsliv </em>(<em>Ilon Wikland – an Artist’s Life</em>) written by Enno Tammer and translated by Maarja Talgre.</p> 2020-10-19T14:13:37+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Maria Lassén-Seger Leder. Sydkaukasien: frihet och säkerhet i stormakternas skugga? 2020-09-22T10:53:37+02:00 Christofer Berglund <p>Länderna i Sydkaukasien – Armenien, Azerbajdzjan och Georgien – går sedan länge en svår säkerhetspolitisk balansgång. Respektive land måste utöver sin komplicerade relation till varandra navigera mellan konkurrerande grannar som Ryssland och EU. Den förra ser på regionen som sitt »nära utland» och den senare ser på den som sitt »östliga partnerskap».&nbsp;Situationen väcker ett antal angelägna frågor. Kommer Ryssland att kunna behålla kontrollen över sitt »nära utland»? Kan EU lära sig att hantera den geopolitiska tvekamp som unionen dragits in i? Och hur navigerar den politiska eliten i Sydkaukasien mellan sina grannar? Dessa frågor angrips inom ramen för detta temanummer som inkluderar originella bidrag från Jakob Hedenskog (FOI Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut), Michel Anderlini (Malmö universitet), Per Ekman (Uppsala universitet) och Li Bennich-Björkman (Uppsala universitet).</p> 2020-09-22T08:36:57+02:00 Opphavsrett (c) 2020 Christofer Berglund